It was such a nice day today. A group of us went for a walk after lunch venturing across to the other side of the Tiber to Piazza Navona, where we had some gelato. Then we made our way back winding down narrow city streets and crossing back over the Tiber at Castel Sant’Angelo, up the Via Conciliazione, into the Piazza di San Pietro and back to the North American College.

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Cobblestone side street.

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The Church of St. Bridget in Piazza Farnese.

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The French Embassy in Piazza Farnese.

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Street market at Piazza Campo dei Fiori on the way to Piazza Navona.

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Here in Piazza Campo de’ Fiori is a monument to Giordano Bruno. He is often considered an early ‘martyr’ for modern scientific ideas, in part because he was burned at the stake as an heretic by secular authorities, after the verdict of the Roman Inquisition. However, some argue that his actual heresy was his pantheist beliefs about God. This statue of was commissioned by the supporters of the unification of Italy. The sculptor, Ettore Ferrari, was the Grand master of the Grande Oriente d’Italia, the Masonic jurisdiction of Italy, who were strong supporters of the unification of Italy. On April 20, 1884, Pope Leo XIII published the encyclical Humanum Genus. As a response, the Freemasons decided to create a statue of the pantheist Giordano Bruno. The statue was unveiled on June 9, 1889 at the site where Bruno was burnt at the stake for heresy on February 17, 1600, and Giovanni Bovio made a speech surrounded by about 100 Masonic flags. In October 1890, Pope Leo XIII warned Italy in his encyclical Ab Apostolici before the realization of Freemasonry and called for its dissolution, whose members he called anti-Christian and enemies. Today, the place is the center of an annual commemoration by atheists. (from Wikimapia)

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At the Piazza Navona, in front of the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi — Fr. Dennis Yesalonia SJ, Fr. Frank Latzko, Fr. Jim Walsh, Fr. Francis Garbo. (BTW, they are not themselves the quattro fiumi. LOL).

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My first gelateria after a week in Rome, had fragola (strawberry) … not quite exotic considering the options.

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Castel Sant’Angelo from the west bank of the Tiber.

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Nice illusion on the Ponte Sant’Angelo.

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Santa Catharina along the Via Conciliazione.

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Back to the Piazza di San Pietro and the Basilica. The Nativity display is still up. Pope John Paul II, then Pope Benedict XVI after him, went with the old calendar which observes the Christmas season through the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord (Saturday, 2 February). Edge of display is to the right of photo.